Churches of Eastern Rite Celebrate Beginning of New Liturgical Year

14 September 2018, 11:34 | Religious holidays and traditions | 0 |   | Code for Blog |  | 

Христос-Пантократор.jpgThe Eastern churches celebrate the beginning of the church year (indiction) in September: on 1 September according to the Gregorian Calendar and on 14 September according to the Julian Calendar. The full religious year lasts from 14 (1) September to 13 September (31 August).

The date of the new church year was adopted by the fathers of the Ecumenical Council in Nicea in 325. The Eastern churches still live according to that decree. As for the Roman Catholic Church, it begins the liturgical year on the first Sunday of  Advent, the Christmas fast.

The indiction by which the fathers of the Council in Nicea established the date of the celebration of the beginning of the church year is called "Byzantine," "Constantinople" or Constantine's.  In the beginning the indiction was obligatory for the whole Roman Empire, except Egypt. Emperor Justinian I decreed that all official documents should be dated after the indict. The Roman Church under Pope Pelagius II approved the indict for its use for the dates of documents and ceased to fulfil that resolution only in 1097.

The day of the beginning of the church year became a church holiday. It is not known exactly when the beginning of the indiction became a church holiday but it was already in existence in the 8th century.

Fr. Yulian (Katrii) in his book "Know your rite," notes: "the church liturgical year is a powerful hymn of honour and glory to God in which the triple church participates: the Church Triumphant in Heaven, the Church Militant on Earth and the Church Suffering in purgatory." "The whole content of our Holy Faith finds its best description in it," the author adds.

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    • enzian | 21 April 2019, 09:02

      Навряд чи католикам буде приємне вітання, від якого смердить русскім міром.

    • Михаил | 21 April 2019, 00:05

      Во- первых, поздравляю Вас с Пасхой, которую сегодня отмечают все 1,5 миллиарда католиков мира! Во-вторых, мне безразличен Кирилл, если есть основания, пусть его судят и низлагают.

    • В. Ясеневий | 20 April 2019, 20:43

      Михаил. Правда ли, что Патр.Кирил возглавит всех восточных православных как и папа ...? Да что там древнейшие патриархи: и бедные( по несколько приходов) и без газа и нефти...и без сигарет и

    • velovs@ukr.net | 20 April 2019, 19:45

      Кроме того, тот мой пост-коммент имеет совсем иную смысловую нагрузку, которую Вы, г. Михаил, судя по всему, никак "не догнали"... И вообще: как я замечаю, Вы, к сожалению, не всегда

    • velovs@ukr.net | 20 April 2019, 19:07

      Согласно литургических традиций Ветхого и Нового Заветов, богослужения нового дня, как правило, начинаются НАКАНУНЕ ВЕЧЕРОМ. Так что окончание выборов в 20.00 21 апреля - это ещё, в принципе, ВТОРОЙ

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